The passengers on the Mayflower were separatists, non-separatists and their servants who were all headed to the New World to settle Plymouth Colony.
These passengers hired the captain of the Mayflower, Christopher Jones, to take them to North America on board his cargo ship, the Mayflower and another ship, the Speedwell.
Unfortunately, the Speedwell sprung a leak shortly after leaving England in August of 1620, and the ships had to return to port where the Speedwell passengers were then loaded onto the Mayflower for the long sea journey.
How Many People Were on the Mayflower?
According to Edward Winslow in his book, Mourt’s Relations, and William Bradford in his manuscript, Of Plymouth Plantation, there were 102 passengers on the Mayflower voyage in 1620.
Even though one passenger, William Butten, died during the voyage, another passenger, Oceanus Hopkins, was born during the voyage, which kept the number of passengers at 102.
After the Mayflower reached Cape Cod and the colonists signed the Mayflower Compact on November 11, 1620, both Bradford and Winslow created lists of the names of the passengers at that time.
The lists don’t include William Butten, who died about a week earlier, nor do they include Peregrine White, who wasn’t born until a couple of weeks later, but they do include Oceanus Hopkins, who was born before the colonists reached Cape Cod.
That lists also include five of the Mayflower crewmen who either stayed as colonists or were hired to be laborers in the colony for one year: (John Alden, John Allerton, Thomas English, William Trevore and a crewman by the name of Ely whose last name is unknown.)
Out of the 102 passengers, around half were separatists, and the other half were non-separatists, servants and the five crewmen. About 74 of these passengers were males and 28 were females.
1. John Carver, separatist
2. Catherine Carver, wife
3. Desire Minter, servant of John Carver
4. John Howland, servant of John Carver
5. Roger Wilder, servant of John Carver
6. William Latham, servant of John Carver
7. Jasper More, servant of John Carver
8. A maidservant of John Carver
9. William Bradford, separatist
10. Dorothy Bradford, wife
11. Edward Winslow, separatist
12. Elizabeth Winslow, wife
13. George Soule, servant of Edward Winslow
14. Elias Story, servant of Edward Winslow
15. Ellen More, servant of Edward Winslow
16. William Brewster, separatist
17. Mary Brewster, wife
18. Love Brewster, son
19. Wrestling Brewster, son
20. Richard More, servant of William Brewster
21. Mary More, servant of William Brewster
22. Isaac Allerton, separatist
23. Mary Allerton, wife
24. Bartholomew Allerton, son
25. Remember Allerton, daughter
26. Mary Allerton, daughter
27. John Hooke, servant of Isaac Allerton
28. Miles Standish, non-separatist
29. Rose Standish, wife
30. John Alden, Mayflower crewmen
31. Samuel Fuller, separatist
32. Christopher Martin, non-separatist
33. Mary Martin, wife
34. Solomon Prower, servant of Christopher Martin
35. John Langemore, servant of Christoper Martin
36. William Mullins, non-separatist
37. Alice Mullins, wife
38. Joseph Mullins, son
39. Priscilla Mullins, daughter
40. Robert Carter, servant of William Mullins
41. William White, separatist
42. Susanna White, wife
43. Resolved White, son
44. William Holbeck, servant of William White
45. Edward Thompson, servant of William White
46. Richard Warren, non-separatist
47. Stephen Hopkins, non-separatist
48. Elizabeth Hopkins, wife
49. Giles Hopkins, son
50. Constance Hopkins, daughter
51. Damaris Hopkins, daughter
52. Oceanus Hopkins, daughter born at sea
53. Edward Doten, servant of Stephen Hopkins
54. Edward Leister, servant of Stephen Hopkins
55. Edward Tilley, separatist
56. Ann Tilley, wife
57. Henry Sampson, servant of Edward Tilley
58. Humility Cooper, servant of Edward Tilley
59. John Tilley, separatist
60. Joan Tilley, wife
61. Elizabeth Tilley, daughter
62. Francis Cook, separatist
63. John Cook, son
64. Thomas Rogers, separatist
65. Joseph Rogers, son
66. Thomas Tinker, separatist
67. Wife of Thomas Tinker
68. Son of Thomas Tinker
69. John Rigsdale, non-separatist
70. Alice Rigsdale, wife
71. Edward Fuller, separatist
72. Ann Fuller, wife
73. Samuel Fuller, son
74. John Turner, separatist
75. First son of John Turner
76. Second son of John Turner
77. Francis Eaton, non-separatist
78. Sarah Eaton, wife
79. Samuel Eaton, son
80. James Chilton, separatist
81. Wife of James Chilton
82. Mary Chilton, daughter
83. John Crackstone, separatist
84. John Crackstone, son
85. John Billington, non-separatist
86. Ellen Billngton, wife
87. John Billington, son
88. Francis Billington, son
89. Moses Fletcher, separatist
90. John Goodman, separatist
91. Digory Priest, separatist
92. Thomas Williams, separatist
93. Gilbert Winslow, non-separatist
94. Edmond Margeson, non-separatist
95. Peter Brown, non-separatist
96. Richard Britteridge, non-separatist
97. Richard Clarke, non-separatist
98. Richard Gardiner, non-separatist
99. John Allerton, Mayflower crewmen
100. Thomas English, Mayflower crewmen
According to the book Mourt’s Relations, the addition of two other Mayflower crewmen bring this list to a total of 102 passengers:
“This list of Morton’s adds up to forty-one signers [of the Mayflower Compact]; who, according to Bradford’s list, at this date, represented exactly one hundred persons. Bradford adds ‘There were also other 2 seamen hired to stay a year here in the country, – William Trevore, and one Ely….Counting the two hired seamen, the entire Mayflower company – as distinct from her crew – consisted thus of one hundred and two persons.’”
♦ John Alden, cooper
♦ John Allerton, seaman
♦ John Clarke, ship’s pilot
♦ Robert Coppin, Master’s mate
♦ Thomas English, seaman,
♦ Giles Heale, ship’s surgeon
♦ Christopher Jones, captain
♦ John Parker, seaman
♦ William Trevore, seaman
♦ Ely (last name unknown), seaman
♦ Andrew Williamson, seaman
In addition to the passengers, there were also 36 crewmen but only a handful of them were identified in the historical records. The ship had an unidentified master gunner who went out on an expedition on December 6, 1620 to explore Cape Cod but became “sick unto death (but hope of trucking made him to go).” He died sometime that winter.
The ship’s unidentified Master Carpenter is noted for having repaired the ship’s broken mast during the middle of the voyage with a giant screw that the pilgrims had with them. He also helped them construct the shallop that they had dismantled and stored between the decks.
The ship’s unidentified boatswain was described by William Bradford in his diary as “a proud young man, who would often curse and scoff at the passengers, but when he grew weak they had compassion on him and helped him.” He died sometime that winter.
The ship had four unidentified quartermasters, three of whom died that winter at Plymouth. The ship also had an unidentified cook who died sometime that winter at Plymouth.
In total, about half the Mayflower crew died during the first winter at Plymouth and the majority of them remain unidentified.
Animals on the Mayflower:
Two dogs, a female mastiff and a small springer spaniel, were aboard the Mayflower, according to Edward Winslow in his book Mourt’s Relations. Other animals aboard the ship were pigs, goats and chickens.
Some historians also believe the Mayflower had bed bugs and may have been responsible for bringing these parasites to North America.
Winslow, Edward. Mourt’s Relation or Journal of the Plantation at Plymouth. Edited by Henry Martyn Dexter. John Bellamy, 1622.
“Children on the Mayflower.” General Society of Mayflower Descendants, n.d., www.themayflowersociety.org/the-pilgrims/children-on-the-mayflower
“Mayflower’s Crew.” Mayflower History, n.d., mayflowerhistory.com/crew
“Mayflower Passenger List.” Pilgrim Hall Museum, n.d., www.pilgrimhallmuseum.org/list_passengers.htm
“Mayflower Passenger List.” Caleb Johnson’s Mayflower History, n.d, mayflowerhistory.com/mayflower-passenger-list/